Haussmann teapot

Haussmann Teapots Bauhaus design

Fritz Haussmann Bauhaus Teapots

14.09.2014 – 18:56

Fritz Haussmann Bauhaus Teapot

Over the last 7 years i had the fortune to meet a young gent who had a great interest in all things Haussmann…well perhaps not all but at least he got me interested and all of a suddenly a whole new subject was on the cards just to fill my hunting days, serious then, not now. The very first item he pointed out to me was this strange looking Black teapot with a down turned spout. Ok so nothing new as to the down turned spout as I had already seen an example made famous by the Royal Worcester factory in the late 1880^s. An Aesthetic example showing a man on one side and on the other a woman with a lily of sorts. The mans hand formed the spout and had this limp wrist,......hello boys!!!,...... look which had the effect of a down turned spout.

So back to F.Haussmann and his design. He studied in Germany covering design and art of shapes and colors. The Bauhaus period gave a new impetus to local as well as invited artists from across the globe in putting their skills to the test, so to say, and thereby creating a totally new direction for style and design for the period. That was all brought to a swift end when funds were withdrawn by the political forces at the time…start of the second world war period. These artist were not highly regarded as they were thought of “those who are damaging the purity of Art”. Years on and we find that these very dedicated and talented people would bring a stunning style and way of living to the market place. Buildings especially sprung up all around the world and these designs are today highly sought after,although by a select few, as prized living in style and design.

So Fritz Haussmann designed his teapot and this brought so many smiles each time I happened to find one as although identical in shape there is a large difference in the so called *hallmarks* of the factory. I thus began a campaign on finding as many examples as I could and as one knows when one starts with this sort of thing two things can happen.

a) One walks into so many examples within a short space of time …or…

b) One finds zero on the ground for years on end.

So after finding some 8 pieces I felt it was time to share with all those who have some interest in the statements made as to whether he designed the first downturned teapot.

The different clays he used as well as the colors bring to light that these were very popular and were thrown for many years. The most popular by far,it seems, is the shining black glazed teapot. This has been made in three different clays and the inside of the pots are also glazed differently. Most with the typical brown glaze and then some with a rather thickish white glaze, which crackles after a while.

The inside brown glaze has no crackling effect and stays tight to the pot. The shape of the spout and the lid is always exactly the same. The handle starts at the top and finishes below joined into the lower part of the pot. There seems to be like no start of where the handle is but rather a growing out from the top of the pot where as in normal manufacture the handle has a distinct start and finish look.

Now comes the **odd** one out and has had me stumped in all directions as to the makes mark **hallmark** as well as the slight design changes. The teapot is thrown in a heavier body and is rather thick and heavy. The spout true to form ends and seems to have been filed down, perhaps due to the thickness of the clay. The knob on the lid is also slightly different as can be seen in pic provided. The knob is not as pronounced and lies rather flat. The inner has not been glazed and is of the same body and texture as the outer. As for the markings I would love to hear from anybody who may have an idea to fill this gap in my , as it is, limited knowledge on this maker. Marked to the base, impressed into clay : Fuong Gurken Roggwil A swiss flag Scratched into clay : 15 S 124 So is it Roggwil Bern or St Gallen, both +- 90 km from Uster. Did he have a kiln in either of these towns or both?.

The other markings to be found on the various pots are as follows :

Indor Tea with the small h and roof ….vii 60..all painted with black ink. Scratched into the clay 496. Three kiln spur marks…been filed down.

Base clay…light brown Indor Tea painted in black on a black glazed base. Scratched 57 and some other indistinct marks….an ^ as seen on other fully marked designs. Three kiln spur marks.

Impressed in stylized lettering : Indor Tea and no other markings. With three kiln pad marks. No markings what so ever but with 3 kiln spur marks.

The last two images : Courtesy ...Sortofchic....Terracotta glaze...marked  Haussmann ^Uster and some numbers impressed.

It is also noted that the various teapots are of different sizes. One a lot smaller than the rest but identical in all aspects. Heights vary.

Here i can say that these were all from the studio as they are of the same clay and the glazing , which is rather special, are all the same. People/collectors like to see a mark for it to be genuine. But sometimes items slip past the marking stage. I do not think that at the time of manufacture a competitor would have gone to these lengths to copy a good teapot. Let alone discover that special shining glaze.

It like buying a kilo of gold with no assay mark...and thus saying *no thanks* its not marked gold. Test it to its limits and finally the proof is just that it in fact 22ct gold......and for a snip of a price.

An unmarked example is certainly one of Haussmann`s designs.

He had discovered that the public were looking for something with functionality and style and here he combines them both perfectly. Even as to the weight of the teapots …they are light and well balanced when full. I would say the perfect teapot one could wish to own. Being rather an avid tea drinker I would say..... “hey , England eat your heart out “.

As to me saying this I have over the last 35 years bought and sold many teapots from the cheap and cheerful to the best hand decorated examples and yet none are on a par with the Haussmann design. He designed this Pot for the National Swiss Exhibition in the late thirties and has since become one of the more sought after items by Haussmann.

I have a large range of other items, more table wares than vases, which also show the other side of the artist. The pure fun they had in decorating the table wares with either simple designs, lines and dots, or with the delicately painted designs of Swiss country life, people,scenery and animals. The controlled hand that the artists of the time had shows in detail how a complete tea/coffee set is so well painted and charming to its best. Many other Swiss artists and factories produced similar but when it comes to Haussmann painting and scenery its hard to beat.

Please see links.....Sortofchic  Zurich